Category Archives: SCAF

Military-owned factories threaten farmers’ livelihoods in Fayoum

Smoke from three Fayoum factories officially inaugurated last October by Egypt’s de-facto ruler Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi is creating an environmental disaster, not only ruining agricultural production but also killing scores of animals, according to residents of the area surrounding the factories.

The inauguration of the factories, which produce phosphoric acid, aluminum sulfate and fertilizers in the industrial region of Kum Osheem off the Cairo–Fayoum Road, was part of celebrations for the 38th anniversary of Egypt’s 6th of October military victory over Israel.

All three factories belong to the military-owned Nasr Company for Chemicals, which was established in 1975 to produce chemicals, fertilizers and household pesticides. Continue reading


A look back at Egypt’s military violence (Timeline)


During the 18-day uprising that drove former President Hosni Mubarak from power, the military was praised for allegedly refusing orders to shoot protesters. But since the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces took power on 11 February, military forces have killed more than 50 people, including 10 in the latest round of violence which began on 16 December.

Egypt’s military rulers say that the people they targeted were not the true revolutionaries of Tahrir Square, an argument that plays on preconceptions that those dressed in shabby clothes do not belong to the neat, professional middle-class “Facebook youth” who brought about the revolution. A quick glance at those killed dispels this classist myth, however. On Friday, Emad Effat, an Al-Azhar sheikh, was shot dead. So was Alaa Abdel Hadi, a medical student at Ain Shams University.

The martyrs at the hands of the army include the poor and middle-class, professionals and unemployed, religious and secular, Christian and Muslim.

It wasn’t until April that the military became directly implicated in the murder of protesters, but the army’s legacy of violence goes back to its first days in power. But even in other incidents where scores were killed by Ministry of Interior forces, the army’s soldiers have stood by and watched. During the notorious Battle of the Camel, in which plain-clothed pro-Mubarak thugs attacked protesters in Tahrir Square, the army refused to intervene. Continue reading

Time for an independent conversation- by Editorial team of Egypt Independent

On 24 November, we issued the first edition of our new project, Egypt Independent, a weekly, 24-page newspaper that attempts to unpack Egypt’s complex and dynamic political and cultural landscape. It was not long before we were interrupted. Our second issue never made it to the newsstands.

This interruption has not only caused us a major frustration after putting days of work and much investment into the project. It has also disappointed our nascent readership. This is why we want to explain what happened and take the opportunity to introduce our team. Continue reading

High elections committee publicizes comprehensive vote tally

AAP photo

The high elections committee on Sunday released a comprehensive tally of votes in Egypt’s recent parliamentary poll, the first phase of which was held on Monday and Tuesday.

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) led the polls. It won 40 percent of the vote, while the Salafi Nour Party achieved 20 percent and the secular Egyptian Bloc secured 15 percent. The liberal Wafd Party won 6 percent, while the moderate Islamist Wasat party won 4 percent. Continue reading

Islamist parties poised to do well in run-offs

AP Photo

Islamist parties are expected to sweep the first phase of the elections after the run-offs scheduled to take place on Monday.

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) is leading the polls with around 40 percent of the vote, according to a statement issued by the party on Saturday.

HRW: SCAF curbs on free press, assembly before poll

On the eve of landmark elections, the international human rights watch dog “Human Rights Watch” has issued a lengthy statement documenting the “repeated violations of free expression and free assembly” in Egypt.

The New York-based group has said in a statement entitled “Egypt: Curbs on Free Press, Assembly Before Poll”:

Ahead of the vote, SCAF should cancel emergency laws that curb assembly and allow for mass detention without charge or trial, order an end to military trials, stop harassment of bloggers and other critics of the government, and permit free, peaceful assembly.

Amnesty International team in Egypt

An Amnesty International fact-finding team is in Egypt and available for interview.

The team is in Egypt investigating human rights violations committed against protesters in demonstrations in Cairo, Alexandria and elsewhere. It also plans to monitor for human rights violations around the elections currently scheduled to start 28 November.

On 22 November, Amnesty International published a report Broken Promises: Egypt’s Military rulers erode human rights, documenting a catalogue of abuses by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces which in some cases exceeds the record of Hosni Mubarak

The Amnesty International delegation in Egypt includes:

  • Said Haddadi, Amnesty International Egypt researcher, available for interview in English, Arabic and French. In country now until mid-December.
  • Kate Allen, Director of Amnesty International UK, available for interview in English. In country from 27 November to 2 December.
  • Ina Tin, Head of Communications at Amnesty International Norway. Available for interview in Norwegian and Danish. In country now until 2 December

Contact: to reach the team, contact Ina Tin on +47 474 002 85

Also available for media in London:

  • Mohamed Lotfy, Amnesty International Egypt researcher. Mohamed speaks English, Arabic and French and has spent some six months in Egypt since January 2011. He returned from Egypt most recently on 17 November.

Contact: the Amnesty International Press Office on +44 (0) 20 7413 5566 or email


Date: 25 November 2011